PE Benefits In Regards to Improving Academics/Brain Research

California study finds physically active kids perform better academically! December 2002.

Cammisa, K. (1994). Educational kinesiology with learning disabled children. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 78, 105-106.

Corso, M. (?). Children who desperately want to read, but are not working at grade level: Use movement patterns as "windows" to discover why. US Department of Education.

Fishburne. G. (1983). Is reading more important than physical education? Elements: A Journal for Elementary Education, 15 (1), 3-5.

Gabbard, C. (1998). Windows of opportunity for early brain and motor development. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, 69, 54-55, 61.

MacKenzie, I. (1980). The Vanves experiement in education. Runner, 18 (3), 17-20.

Pica, R. (September 1997). Beyond physical development: Why young children need to move. Young Children.

Pica, R. (1998). Movement and the brain. Teaching Elementary Physical Education, 9, 18-19.

Placek, J. & Sullivan, M. (Jan. 1997). The many faces of integrated physical education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, pp. 20-24.

Recently, the concept of an integrated curriculum in schools has received increased attention. Placek and Sullivan discuss two forms of integration and how to integrate physical education with other subjects.

Sallis, J. F., McKenzie, T. L., Kolody, B., Lewis, M., Marshall, S., & Rosengard, P. (1999). Effects of health-related physical education on academic achievement: Project SPARK. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 70, 127-134.

Shephard, R. (1997). Curricular physical activity and academic performance. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9(2), 113-126.

Shephard, R.J., LaVallee, H., Volle, M., LaBarre, R. & Beaucage, C. (1994). Academic skills and required physical education: The Trois Rivieres experience. CAHPER Research Supplement, 1(1), 1-12.

Shephard, R.J., Volle, M., LaVallee, H., LaBarre, R., Jequier, J.C., & Rajic, M. (1984). Required physical activity and academic grades: A controlled study. In J. Ilmarinen & I. Valimaki (Eds.), Children and Sport (pp. 58-63). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Bridging student health risks and academic achievement through comprehensive school health programs. (August, 1997). Journal of School Health, 67 (6).

Ayden Physical Education Defending PE links by John Williams