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Kottke, J. (2001). Students' reactions to written test item rebuttals Journal of Instructional Psychology, 28 (4), 256-260.

Students maybe more knowledgeable of the subject matter than a multiple-choice test allows them to demonstrate. They may select an incorrect answer due to the similarity in choices.


"Answer Justification" allows students to answer the multiple-choice question and justify their incorrect response.

"E Option" allows students to select from a four-option multiple-choice with the option to select the "E" Option to explain their choice.

Submitted by Janice Moore who is a graduate from East Tennessee State University . Thanks for contributing to PE Central! Posted on PEC: 5/14/02.